EXHIBITION: Re-Making Maps of the Mind: Medieval and Modern Journeys
in St Illtud’s Church, Llantwit Major, Glamorgan Heritage Coast
Tuesday 8th October – December 2019
“Measuring to the Saint”
St Thomas Way is a modern pilgrimage trail inspired by the medieval story of William Cragh. He was hung in Swansea in 1290, but miraculously came back to life. He was sure he’d been saved by Thomas, the late Bishop of Hereford and walked barefoot from Swansea to Hereford Cathedral to say ‘thank you’.
In those days, it was common practice to measure the bodies of the sick, needy or dead, by running a length of string or thread from the top of a person’s head to the tip of their toes. This length would be curled up and sent to the nearest cathedral or priory, where the monks would make it into a candle, light it, and then pray for the person’s eternal soul.
It was when he was being measured to the saint that William came back to life. The idea that something as humble as a simple piece of string might connect this world and the next, or be able to spark life into our very souls, inspired artist Michelle Rumney, to use the medieval practice of ‘Measuring to the Saint’ as a starting point to create this exhibition for the launch of St Thomas Way.
Hanging between the East Church and the West Church: ‘The Map of Mundi’
Michelle used the medieval practice of ‘Measuring to the Saint’ to create this large artwork.
Telling the tale of William Cragh as she went, she measured over 250 people (and one great dane and a teddy bear) with string. In her studio she coiled each string into a spiral, She stitched a cross over each one, before stitching them together.
She also measured Hereford Cathedral’s Mappa Mundi, a wonderful account of how people saw the world – and has included a few people, places and animals from that too.
When they finally arrived at St Thomas’ shrine at Hereford Cathedral, pilgrims would stop beside the map and gaze at this fantastical world whilst guides would tell them stories about the characters and places in it, some from the Bible, and others, from myths and medieval folklore. This was part of the pilgrimage experience, widening their personal understanding of the world as they knew it…
“Change the way you look at things and the things you look at change…”
In this contemporary ‘Map of Mundi’ there are 13 vertical strips, one for each waypoint on St Thomas Way and in all, there are 286 squares.
Some squares have been left empty deliberately and the piece is transparent so that you can glimpse through into another time and space – both in this wonderful chapel and in your own imagination.
If you’ve travelled along any part of St Thomas Way – or are about to – take a moment now to pause with your fellow ‘pilgrims’ – the ones physically present in the spirals in this ‘map’ – and also with the thousands of people over the centuries who’ve been present right here where you are now on their own journey…
Exhibition Mini-pilgrimage within the East Church
These artworks were created with church architecture in mind, with opportunities to reflect from different perspectives. Moving clockwise in the Church from the Visitors table
1. ‘The Map of Mundi’ (above the glass doorway)
spirals of measured string & thread, gold leaf, images from Hereford’s ‘Mappa Mundi’ c. 1290, thread and stitching on paper envelopes
Hanging here in the heart of this beautiful church, these 13 strands – one for each place on St Thomas Way – and all 286 squares connect together in so many ways… up, down, across. The changing lighting and hubbub of activities here reflect on and through it… a world of colour and connections… and a realm beyond our day to day experience… not a map as we know or expect them to be, but the possibility of something else…
2. ‘Strip Map: St Thomas Way’ (in the church)
map pieces & stitching on paper on tapestry gauze
In the 17th Century, mapmakers like John Ogilby made maps for journeys helping travellers get from A to B. These ‘stripmaps’ showed the route as a straight line, rather like Google Maps does on our mobile devices now. This strip map is the route of St Thomas Way, made from paper maps – never quite a straight line, but all the more interesting for it.
3. ‘Spiral – Measuring to the Saint’ (on column)
coloured cotton thread – artist’s length – on paper
The practice of Measuring to the Saint is central to this exhibition. Try it yourself! Measure someone with a piece of string and have them measure you – tell them the miracle story of William Cragh and see where your unlikely but inspired conversation goes… you will find more of these spirals on your journey here…
4. There is no Away’
thread, paper perforations, pigment, gesso & gold leaf on canvas
Maps help us make sense of where we are in relation to the rest of the world and to ourselves. These gridlines or coordinates are punctuated by empty circles – made from the perforated holes at the top of an artists sketchbook. These holes are the bits you’d normally throw ‘away’, yet the things we discard all still exist in some form somewhere – and there is no ‘away’.
The ropes placed around the church are reminders of the St Thomas Way story of William Cragh – ‘The Hanged Man’.
5. ‘Mappa Mundi Threads’ (at bottom of stairs)
hanging string, cardboard holes, bookcloth, & stitching on tracing paper
Look through the circular ‘windows’ and you’ll see a length of hanging string. This length of string is the diameter of the original Hereford Mappa Mundi, which has been “Measured to the Saint’. So, in another sense or at another scale, it could map the diameter of the world, or the distance between the poles… or anything…
What could it measure in your world?
6. ‘St Thomas Way Traces’
pencil on tracing paper & stitching on tapestry gauze
This single pencil line is a tracing of the St Thomas Way strip map on the other side of the room (the one on black). Presented like this, it could represent many things: a trail that leads through many centuries; a journey across an invisible border between England and Wales; and the actual pilgrimage route – which would be 74 miles as the crow flies, but is much, much longer if travelling on foot (barefoot) as William Cragh did, especially as he was also wearing a hangman’s noose around his neck…
7. ‘Light Map’
blue coloured foil, pencil, stitching & silk on tracing paper
The pencil line you can see if you look is traced again from the original strip map. The route crosses a blue ‘landscape’ and creates ripples or contours of its own. It reflects everything around it, and changes constantly as the light of the day progresses.
8. ‘Window Map’
map pieces & glue on tracing paper
Triangulation is an important map-making tool, invented in 1533 by Gemma Frisius, which emerged from Islamic mathematical ideas of the High Middle Ages. Using triangular pieces of a map of South Wales, this map shows many of the places on or around the St Thomas Way. Which new connections can you make between these familiar and unfamiliar places?
9, 10, 11, & 12. ‘Spirals -Measuring to the Saint’
coloured cotton thread – artist’s length – on paper
More unique human lengths of thread.
13. ‘Hanging Rope’ (on floor beside altar)
thick rope, ‘Measured to the Saint’ – artist’s length
There are also lengths of string on some of the tombs – they have been respectfully Measured to the Saint, and a prayer said for each of them.
14. ‘From Me to You’
map pieces, glue & stitching on tracing paper – please step into the altar space to see this
The lines that cross this map are made from a road atlas and show a route the artist has travelled many times – from her home in Dorset to the home of one of her dearest friends in Hereford. The route travels up Zig- Zag Hill near Shaftesbury, around Bristol, across the Severn Bridge and along the Wye Valley past Tintern Abbey. The journey usually takes about 4 hours. The map takes the form of a cross or kiss and forms its own new landscapes.
15. ‘Re-Newport & Cardiff’ (in centre of the nave)
paper map pieces, gesso, pigment, glue & gold leaf on canvas
Gridlines on a map help us relate to where we find ourselves and how we see where we are. Newport and Cardiff have undergone multiple changes since medieval times – deconstructions, reconstructions, and endless reworkings and reroutings, which can be disorienting and confusing even for locals. This piece is an attempt to make sense of things from the disrupted, but still beautiful, terrain.
EXHIBITION-ON-TOUR: Re-Making Maps of the MindMedieval and Modern Journeys
The St Thomas Way exhibition is on the move itself, travelling during 2018 – 2020 to different places along the trail, returning to Hereford Cathedral in July 2020.
Each time the exhibition moves to a new place, the way the artworks present themselves changes too.
Here in the ancient and vibrant spaces of St Iltuds, the artworks look and feel very different than they did in the crypt of Hereford Cathedral, which was the first stop on the exhibition trail.
In autumn 2019, the artworks will return to Hereford Cathedral as part of the 800th-anniversary celebrations of the canonisation of St Thomas.
To follow the exhibition as it moves, and see how it changes, please join Michelle’s mailing list.
Find out more about the trail online: